Procrastination always has ‘hostility to the task’.
You might feel this as dread, resentment, frustration. It can affect our motivation, behaviour and mood.

Procrastination model:
  • Situation: Worrying about exams
  • Thoughts: I’m so worried. I’m dreading this. Is this enough?
  • Emotion: Hostility, fear, guilt, sadness, boredom
  • Bodily response: Heart racing, sweating, tiredness

Behaviour: Procrastination, avoidance, perfectionism, generating the deadline ‘high’.



Unhelpful rules & assumptions underpinning the behaviour



Effort does not equal achievement



Managing procrastination



Check out some of these online resources: