Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLDs) include Dyslexia, Dyspraxia/Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Dyslexia affects around 10% of the population and impacts the way individuals process, store and retrieve information. Students with dyslexia may experience difficulties with memory, personal organisation, time management, sequencing, reading and writing.
Dyspraxia or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a specific learning difficulty that can lead to difficulties in terms of time management, personal organisation and planning, and may impair motor/coordination skills.
ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) can be identified as a specific learning difficulty but is usually diagnosed by psychiatry referral via the NHS. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder which has features relating to both specific learning difficulties and mental health. Symptoms of anxiety can overlap with symptoms of ADHD.